Omar Gharbawie, PhD

  • Assistant Professor, Neurobiology

Phone

412-383-9813

E-mail

omar@pitt.edu

Personal Website

website link

Education & Training

PhD, University of Lethbridge (2007)
Postdoctoral fellow, Vanderbilt University (2014)

Location

4069 Biomedical Science Tower 3

Research Interest Summary

Organization of motor & sensory cortex in primates

We pick up objects and manipulate them with our fingers hundreds of times each day. Our brain must integrate information about the target object and feedback from the arm and hand into movements. Evidence from converging lines of research in human and non-human primates shows that a parietal-frontal network is critical to the sensorimotor transformations necessary for the formulation and execution of a prehension plan. However, important questions about the organization of this parietal-frontal network remain outstanding. (1) What are the organizing principles of the network that confer on it the capacity of producing different grip postures (e.g. precision and whole-hand grip)? (2) What is the point-to-point connectivity of each of the network nodes? 

Our present focus is on the organization of primary motor cortex (M1) – critical node in the parietal-frontal network – of macaque monkeys and squirrel monkeys. We are tackling these questions using a combination of intrinsic signal optical imaging, single-unit recording, optogenetics, and microstimulation. In one project, we are investigating the spatio-temporal organization of neural activity that encodes reaching and grasping in awake/behaving monkeys. In a parallel project, we are investigating the point-to-point connectivity of the entire forelimb representation in M1. The collective goal of our projects is to reveal the organizational principles that confer on M1 the capacity to control coordinated arm/hand movements in primates.

Gharbawie OA, Stepniewska I, Kaas JH (2016) The origins of thalamic inputs to grasp zones in frontal cortex of macaque monkeys. Brain Structure & Function, 221(6):3123-40.

Qi HX, Reed JL, Gharbawie OA, Kaas JH (2014) Cortical neuron response properties are related to lesion extent and behavioral recovery after sensory loss from spinal cord injury in monkeys. Journal of Neuroscience, 34(12):4345-63. 

Stepniewska I, Gharbawie OA, Burish MJ, Kaas JH (2014) Effects of muscimol inactivations of functional domains in posterior parietal, premotor and motor cortex on complex movements evoked by electrical stimulation. Journal of Neurophysiology, 111(5):1100-19.

Liao CC, Gharbawie OA, Qi HX, Kaas JH (2013) Cortical connections to single digit representations in area 3b of somatosensory cortex in squirrel monkeys and prosimian galagos. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 521(16): 3768-90. 

Gharbawie OA, Stepniewska I, Qi HX, Kaas JH (2011) Multiple parietal-frontal networks mediate grasping in macaque monkeys. Journal of Neuroscience, 31(32):11660-77. 

Gharbawie OA, Stepniewska I, Kaas JH (2011) Cortical connections of functional zones in posterior parietal cortex and frontal cortex motor regions in New World monkeys. Cerebral Cortex, 21(9):1981-2002. 

Stepniewska I, Friedman RM, Gharbawie OA, Cerkevich CM, Roe AW, Kaas JH (2011) Activation patterns in motor cortex revealed by optical imaging during intracortical microstimulation of posterior parietal cortical sites that evoke complex movements. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(37): E725-32.